Photo of cars in a traffic jam with exhaust fumes

Smog is Killing Us!

3 MILLION People Die of Air Pollution Each Year Worldwide
—The World Health Organization

Automakers and our government have been concerned with harmful emissions and emission control since the 1960s. As time has moved on, we’ve all grown more concerned with reducing the size of our environmental footprint, and the technology to do so has grown with each generation.

Our generation has access to the most adaptable, customizable, scalable, durable and recyclable products emission control technology has ever made. GESi® Technology reduces up to 99% of hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) in almost any reciprocating engine!

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Read our case studies on how these companies protect their employees and position themselves as environmentally conscious...

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Carbon Monoxide

Because it’s colourless, odourless and tasteless, the "silent killer" is the most common type of fatal poisoning in many parts of the world.

Carbon monoxide is produced from the partial oxidation of carbon-containing compounds. It’s often produced by internal-combustion engines, when there is less oxygen present during the combustion.

It's dangerous because it affects your body’s ability to absorb oxygen, and CO poisoning can have lethal results. It’s also a major contributor towards the formation of smog.

FAQ - Carbon Monoxide

  • Why is CO dangerous in our air?

    CO is a major air polluter in urban areas— not just because of internal combustion, but also from improper burning of wood, coal, propane, natural gas, and garbage.

    CO also contributes to the formation of smog ground-level ozone where air pollution becomes trapped near the ground beneath a layer of warm air.

  • Why is CO dangerous to my body?

    CO combines with the blood, and prevents it from absorbing oxygen. It poisons your red blood cells, and prevents them from carrying oxygen. If body tissues don’t receive a constant supply of oxygen, they will eventually stop functioning.

    In closed environments, carbon monoxide levels can easily rise to lethal levels. Any indoor workplace where engines are running can be very dangerous.

  • What are the symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning?

    You may experience headaches, nausea, shortness of breath, impaired motor functions and fatigue. This is particularly dangerous because these symptoms can be easily mistaken for the flu.

    Prolonged exposure to CO can cause significant toxicity of the central nervous system and heart. The brain is especially vulnerable as high levels of CO exposure can lead to convulsions, coma and death.


Hydrocarbons are released into the atmosphere as a result of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, or when fuel evaporates. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 47% of hydrocarbon emissions in the atmosphere stem from on-road and off-road vehicles.

Ground-level ozone causes health problems such as difficulty breathing, lung damage, and reduced cardiovascular functioning. In our atmosphere, HC is a major contributor to smog-levels.

FAQ - Hydrocarbons

  • Why are HCs dangerous to my body?

    Prolonged exposure to HCs can result in symptoms like headaches, dizziness, vomiting, and reduced cardiovascular function. In more extreme cases it can even lead to arrhythmia, brain damage, comas, or death.

  • Why is HCs dangerous in our air?

    When hydrocarbons combine with nitrogen oxides and sunlight, ozone is formed. Ozone is a key component of smog, which causes irritation and damage to our eyes, skin and lungs. It dries out the protective membranes of the nose and throat, interfering with our body’s ability to fight infection. Some hydrocarbons are also considered toxic, and have been linked to cancer and death.

Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)

NOx is a generic term for mono-nitrogen oxides. These compounds are made during combustion, especially combustion at high temperatures. The term includes:

  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Nitrous oxide
  • Dinitrogen trioxide
  • Dinitrogen tetroxide
  • Dinitrogen pentoxide

FAQ - Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)

  • Why is NOx dangerous in our air?

    NOx and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) combine in the presence of sunlight to form smog, especially in the summer. Children, people with lung diseases such as asthma, and people who work outside are susceptible to smog and possible lung tissue damage, a reduction in lung function or worse.

  • Why is NOx Dangerous to my body?

    NOx react with ammonia, moisture, and other compounds to form nitric acid vapor, which penetrates deep into sensitive lung tissue. This can cause or aggravate respiratory diseases such as emphysema, and can also intensify heart disease.